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Chief Health Officer Alert : Increased antibiotic resistance
Increased antibiotic resistance
Date issued: 1 June 2017
Issued by: Dr Brett Sutton, Deputy Chief Health Officer (Communicable Disease), Victoria
Issued to: Health professionals
• Shigella bacteria are commonly resistant to some antibiotics, however, increasing antibiotic resistance associated with recent Shigella infections has been observed, particularly in men who have sex with men.
• Be alert for shigellosis in high risk populations including men who have sex with men and travellers from overseas.
• When testing for shigellosis, ensure stool samples are sent for culture and antibiotic sensitivity testing in order to guide appropriate antibiotic treatment.
• The overall number of shigellosis cases in Victoria has increased in recent years, from 442 in 2015 to 600 in 2016.
• Medical practitioners must notify the department of all cases of suspected and confirmed shigellosis, and should advise confirmed cases who are food handlers, child care workers and health care workers not to work pending further advice from the department.
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